Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation

The Ministries


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Twenty-Eighth Ministry

Conservative 1
6 Feb. 2006 - present

Prime Minister
Right Honourable Stephen Joseph Harper

The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
Hon. Chuck Strahl 2 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Gerry Ritz 2 14 Aug. 2007 -

Minister for the purpose of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act
Hon. Peter Gordon MacKay 3 6 Feb. 2006 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Keith Ashfield 4 19 Jan. 2010 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Bernard Valcourt 5 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Canadian Heritage
Hon. Beverley J. Oda 6 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Josée Verner 7 14 Aug. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. James Moore 8 30 Oct. 2008 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Shelly Glover 9 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Citizenship and Immigration
Hon. Monte Solberg 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Diane Finley 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Jason Kenney 10 30 Oct. 2008 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Chris Alexander 15 July 2013 -

Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
Hon. Jean-Pierre Blackburn 11 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Christian Paradis 12  13 30 Oct. 2008 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Denis Lebel 14  15  16 18 May 2011 -

Minister of the Environment
Hon. Rona Ambrose 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. John Baird 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Jim Prentice 17  18 30 Oct. 2008 - 5 Nov. 2010
Hon. John Baird 19  20 5 Nov. 2010 - 4 Jan. 2011
Hon. Peter Kent 4 Jan. 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Leona Aglukkaq 21 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Finance
Hon. James Michael Flaherty 22 6 Feb. 2006 - 19 March 2014
Hon. Joe Oliver 19 March 2014 -

Minister of Fisheries and Oceans
Hon. Loyola Hearn 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Gail Shea 30 Oct. 2008 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Keith Ashfield 23 18 May 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Gail Shea 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Foreign Affairs
Hon. Peter Gordon MacKay 3 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Maxime Bernier 24 14 Aug. 2007 - 26 May 2008
Hon. David Emerson 25 29 May 2008 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Lawrence Cannon 26 30 Oct. 2008 - 18 May 2011
Hon. John Baird 18 May 2011 -

Minister of Health
Hon. Tony Clement 27 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Leona Aglukkaq 28  29 30 Oct. 2008 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Rona Ambrose 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development
Hon. Diane Finley 30 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Monte Solberg 31 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Diane Finley 30 Oct. 2008 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Jason Kenney 32 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
Hon. Jim Prentice 33 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Chuck Strahl 34  33 14 Aug. 2007 - 6 Aug. 2010
Hon. John Duncan 35  36  37 6 Aug. 2010 - 15 Feb. 2013
Hon. Bernard Valcourt 5  38 22 Feb. 2013 -

Minister of Industry
Hon. Maxime Bernier 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Jim Prentice 14 Aug. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Tony Clement 30 Oct. 2008 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Christian Paradis 39 18 May 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. James Moore 15 July 2013 -

Minister for International Cooperation
Hon. Josée Verner 7 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Beverley J. Oda 40  41 14 Aug. 2007 - 4 July 2012
Hon. Julian Fantino 40 4 July 2012 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Christian Paradis 42 15 July 2013 -

Minister of International Trade
Hon. David Emerson 25 6 Feb. 2006 - 25 June 2008
Hon. Michael Fortier 43 25 June 2008 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Stockwell Day 43  44 30 Oct. 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Peter Van Loan 43 19 Jan. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Edward Fast 44 18 May 2011 -

Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Hon. Vic Toews 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Robert Douglas Nicholson 4 Jan. 2007 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Peter Gordon MacKay 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Labour
Hon. Jean-Pierre Blackburn 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Rona Ambrose 30 Oct. 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Lisa Raitt 19 Jan. 2010 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Khristinn Kellie Leitch 45 15 July 2013 -

Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Hon. Robert Douglas Nicholson 46 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Peter Van Loan 46 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Jay D. Hill 30 Oct. 2008 - 6 Aug. 2010
Hon. John Baird 20  19 6 Aug. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Peter Van Loan 18 May 2011 -

Leader of the Government in the Senate
Hon. Marjory LeBreton Senator 47  48 6 Feb. 2006 - 15 July 2013

Associate Minister of National Defence
Hon. Julian Fantino 18 May 2011 - 4 July 2012
Hon. Bernard Valcourt 49 4 July 2012 - 22 Feb. 2013
Hon. Kerry-Lynne Findlay 22 Feb. 2013 - 15 July 2013

Minister of National Defence
Hon. Gordon O'Connor 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Peter Gordon MacKay 3 14 Aug. 2007 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Robert Douglas Nicholson 15 July 2013 -

Minister of National Revenue
Hon. Carol Skelton 50 6 Feb. 2006 - 14 Aug. 2007
Hon. Gordon O'Connor 14 Aug. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Jean-Pierre Blackburn 51 30 Oct. 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Keith Ashfield 4 19 Jan. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Gail Shea 52 18 May 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Kerry-Lynne Findlay 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Natural Resources
Hon. Gary Lunn 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Lisa Raitt 30 Oct. 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Christian Paradis 13 19 Jan. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Joe Oliver 18 May 2011 - 19 March 2014
Hon. Greg Rickford 53 19 March 2014 -

President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
Hon. Michael D. Chong 54 6 Feb. 2006 - 26 Nov. 2006
Hon. Peter Van Loan 55 27 Nov. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Rona Ambrose 56 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Josée Verner 7 30 Oct. 2008 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Peter Penashue 57  58 18 May 2011 - 14 March 2013
Hon. Denis Lebel 16  15 19 March 2013 -

Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
Hon. Stockwell Day 59 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Peter Van Loan 59 30 Oct. 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Vic Toews 59  48 19 Jan. 2010 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Steven Blaney 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Public Works and Government Services
Hon. Michael Fortier Senator 6 Feb. 2006 - 25 June 2008
Hon. Christian Paradis 12 25 June 2008 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Rona Ambrose 60  61 19 Jan. 2010 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Diane Finley 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Transport
Hon. Lawrence Cannon 62 6 Feb. 2006 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. John Baird 62 30 Oct. 2008 - 6 Aug. 2010
Hon. Chuck Strahl 62 6 Aug. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Denis Lebel 16  14 18 May 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Lisa Raitt 15 July 2013 -

President of the Treasury Board
Hon. John Baird 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Vic Toews 4 Jan. 2007 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Stockwell Day 63 19 Jan. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Tony Clement 64 18 May 2011 -

Minister of Veterans Affairs
Hon. Gregory Francis Thompson 6 Feb. 2006 - 19 Jan. 2010
Hon. Jean-Pierre Blackburn 65 19 Jan. 2010 - 18 May 2011
Hon. Steven Blaney 66 18 May 2011 - 15 July 2013
Hon. Julian Fantino 15 July 2013 -

Minister of Western Economic Diversification
Hon. Carol Skelton 50 6 Feb. 2006 - 4 Jan. 2007
Hon. Rona Ambrose 4 Jan. 2007 - 30 Oct. 2008
Hon. Jim Prentice 17 30 Oct. 2008 - 5 Nov. 2010
Hon. Rona Ambrose 61 5 Nov. 2010 -

Footnotes

  • [1] After the defeat of the Government in the general election of January 23, 2006, Martin formally tendered his resignation on February 6, 2006. On the same day, the Twenty-Eighth Ministry took office. It was composed of twenty-six ministers.
  • [2] Styled Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food and Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board.
  • [3] MacKay was concurrently appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act, styled Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. On October 30, 2008, he was appointed Minister of National Defence, Member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada appointed by Commission under the Great Seal to be the Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport, styled Minister of National Defence and Minister for the Atlantic Gateway. He was appointed Minister of National Defence on January 19, 2010.
  • [4] Ashfield was appointed Minister of National Revenue, Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada appointed by Commission under the Great Seal to be the Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport to be styled Minister of National Revenue, Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and Minister for the Atlantic Gateway.
  • [5] Valcourt was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada appointed by Commission under the Great Seal to be the Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act to be styled Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development on July 15, 2013.
  • [6] Styled Minister of Canadian Heritage and Status of Women.
  • [7] Verner was appointed Minister for International Cooperation styled Minister of International Cooperation and Minister for La Francophonie and Official Languages, and was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2006-34 of February 6, 2006, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister for La Francophonie and Official Languages. On August 14, 2007, she was appointed Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister of Canadian Heritage, Status of Women and Official Languages. On May 29, 2008, she was appointed Minister of Canadian Heritage and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs, styled Minister of Canadian Heritage, Status of Women and Official Languages and Minister for La Francophonie. On July 29, 2008, she was appointed Minister of Canadian Heritage and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs, styled Minister of Canadian Heritage, Status of Women and Minister for La Francophonie. On October 30, 2008, she was appointed President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs, styled Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and Minister for La Francophonie.
  • [8] Styled Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages.
  • [9] Glover was appointed Minister of Canadian Heritage to be styled Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages.
  • [10] Styled Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism.
  • [11] Blackburn was concurrently appointed Minister of Labour and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec.
  • [12] Paradis was appointed Minister of Public Works and Government Services and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, styled Minister of Public Works and Government Services and Secretary of State (Agriculture) on June 25, 2008. He was appointed Minister of Public Works and Government Services and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec, styled Minister of Public Works and Government Services on October 30, 2008.
  • [13] Paradis was appointed Minister of Natural Resources and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec to be styled Minister of Natural Resources on January 19, 2010.
  • [14] Lebel was appointed Minister of Transport and Minister for the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec to be styled Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec.
  • [15] Lebel was appointed President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec to by styled Minister of Infrastructure, Communities and Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec on July 15, 2013.
  • [16] Lebel was appointed Minister of Transport, Minister of Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec and President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada to be styled Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs on March 19, 2013.
  • [17] Prentice resigned on November 5, 2010.
  • [18] Prentice was appointed Minister of the Environment and Minister of Western Economic Diversification, styled Minister of the Environment.
  • [19] Baird was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister of the Environment on November 5, 2010.
  • [20] Baird was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons on January 4, 2011.
  • [21] Aglukkaq was appointed Minister of the Environment; Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency; and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs to be styled Minister of the Environment, Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency and Minister for the Arctic Council.
  • [22] Resigned on March 19, 2014.
  • [23] Ashfield was appointed Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada appointed by Commission under the Great Seal to be the Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport to be styled Minister of Fisheries and Oceans and Minister for the Atlantic Gateway.
  • [24] Bernier resigned on May 26, 2008.
  • [25] Emerson was appointed Minister for International Trade, and was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2006-31 of February 6, 2006, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport, and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Pacific Gateway and the Vancouver-Whistler Olympics. On May 29, 2008, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister for International Trade, Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and Minister for the Pacific Gateway and the Vancouver-Whistler Olympics. On June 25, 2008, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • [26] Cannon was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport (National Capital Commission), styled Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • [27] Clement was appointed Minister of Health styled Minister of Health and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario, and was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2006-33 of February 6, 2006, ad Minister of State to assist the Minister of Industry, styled Minister of Health and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario.
  • [28] Aglukkaq was appointed Minister of Health to be styled Minister of Health and Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency on May 18, 2011.
  • [29] Aglukkaq was appointed Minister of Health and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs, to be styled Minister of Health, Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency and Minister of the Arctic Council on August 28, 2012.
  • [30] Finley was appointed Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, styled Minister of Human Resources and Social Development.
  • [31] Solberg was appointed Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, styled Minister of Human Resources and Social Development.
  • [32] Kenney was appointed Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration.
  • [33] Styled Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians.
  • [34] Strahl was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to be styled Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians and Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency on August 25, 2009.
  • [35] Resigned on February 15, 2013.
  • [36] Styled Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians and Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency.
  • [37] Duncan was appointment Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to be styled Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development on May 18, 2011.
  • [38] Styled Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.
  • [39] Paradis was appointed Minister of Industry and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food to be styled Minister of Industry and Minister of State (Agriculture).
  • [40] Styled Minister of International Cooperation.
  • [41] Resigned on July 4, 2012.
  • [42] Paradis was appointed Minister for International Development and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs to be styled Minister of International Development and Minister for La Francophonie.
  • [43] Styled Minister of International Trade.
  • [44] Appointed Minister for International Trade and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport, styled Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway.
  • [45] Leitch was appointed Minister of Labour to be styled Minister of Labour and Minister of Status of Women.
  • [46] Styled Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister for Democratic Reform.
  • [47] LeBreton was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2007-3 of January 4, 2007, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, styled Secretary of State (Seniors). On January 4, 2007, she was appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate styled Leader of the Government in the Senate and Secretary of State (Seniors). On October 30, 2008, she was appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, styled Leader of the Government in the Senate and Minister of State (Seniors). On January 19, 2010, she was appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate.
  • [48] Resigned on July 15, 2013.
  • [49] Styled Associate Minister of National Defence and Minister of State (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agencies) (La Francophonie).
  • [50] Skelton was concurrently appointed Minister of National Revenue and Minister of Western Economic Diversification.
  • [51] Blackburn was appointed Minister of National Revenue and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, styled Minister of National Revenue and Minister of State (Agriculture).
  • [52] Shea was appointed Minister of National Revenue and Minister of State to assist the Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada appointed by Commission under the Great Seal to be the Minister for the purposes of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act to be styled Minister of National Revenue and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency on February 22, 2013.
  • [53] Rickford was appointed Minister of Natural Resources and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Industry to be styled Minister of Natural Resources and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario.
  • [54] Chong was appointed as President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2006-32 of February 6, 2006, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, and Minister of Sport. He resigned from the Ministry on November 26, 2006.
  • [55] Van Loan was appointed President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada styled President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, and Minister for Sport, and was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2006-1421 of November 27, 2006, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister of Sport.
  • [56] Styled President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of Western Economic Diversification.
  • [57] Penashue was appointed President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada to be styled Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada.
  • [58] Resigned on March 14, 2013.
  • [59] Styled Minister of Public Safety.
  • [60] Ambrose was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2010-475 of April 9, 2010, as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, styled Minister for Status of Women. She was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 2011-587 of May 18, 2011 as Minister of State to assist the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, styled Minister for Status of Women.
  • [61] Ambrose was appointed Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Minister of Western Economic Diversification and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Canadian Heritage, to be styled Minister of Public Works and Government Services and Minister for Status of Women on November 5, 2010. She was appointed Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Minister of Western Economic Diversification and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, to be styled Minister of Public Works and Government Services and Minister for Status of Women on May 18, 2011.
  • [62] Styled Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities.
  • [63] Day was appointed President of the Treasury Board and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Transport to be styled President of the Treasury Board and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway.
  • [64] Clement was appointed President of the Treasury Board and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Industry to be styled President of the Treasury Board and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario.
  • [65] Blackburn was appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food to be styled Minister of Veterans Affairs and Minister of State (Agriculture).
  • [66] Blaney was appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs and Minister of State to assist the Minister of Foreign Affairs to be styled Minister of Veterans Affairs and Minister for La Francophonie on February 22, 2013.