Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation

The Ministries


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Twenty-Sixth Ministry

[*]

Liberal 1
4 Nov. 1993 - 11 Dec. 2003

Prime Minister
Right Honourable Jean Chrétien

The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Minister of Agriculture2  3
Hon. Ralph E. Goodale 4 Nov. 1993 - 11 Jan. 1995

Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food2
Hon. Ralph E. Goodale 12 Jan. 1995 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Lyle Vanclief 11 June 1997 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
Hon. David Charles Dingwall 4 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. John Manley 5 25 Jan. 1996 - 16 Oct. 2000
Hon. Brian Tobin 6 17 Oct. 2000 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Allan Rock 7 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Canadian Heritage8
Hon. Sheila Copps 3 12 July 1996 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Citizenship and Immigration9
Hon. Sergio Marchi 10 30 June 1994 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Lucienne Robillard 11 25 Jan. 1996 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Elinor Caplan 3 Aug. 1999 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Denis Coderre 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Communications8
Hon. Michel Dupuy 12 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Sheila Copps 13 25 Jan. 1996 - 1 May 1996
Hon. Sheila Copps 13 19 June 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs14
Hon. John Manley 15 4 Nov. 1993 - 28 March 1995

Minister of Employment and Immigration16
Hon. Lloyd Axworthy 17 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Douglas Young 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources18
Hon. Anne McLellan 19 4 Nov. 1993 - 11 Jan. 1995

Minister of the Environment
Hon. Sheila Copps 20 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Sergio Marchi 25 Jan. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Christine Stewart 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. David Anderson 3 Aug. 1999 - 11 Dec. 2003

Secretary of State for External Affairs21
Hon. André Ouellet 4 Nov. 1993 - 12 May 1995

Minister of Finance
Hon. Paul Martin 22 4 Nov. 1993 - 2 June 2002
Hon. John Manley 23 2 June 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Fisheries and Oceans
Hon. Brian Tobin 24 4 Nov. 1993 - 8 Jan. 1996
Hon. Fred J. Mifflin 25 Jan. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. David Anderson 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Herb Dhaliwal 3 Aug. 1999 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Robert G. Thibault 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Foreign Affairs21
Hon. André Ouellet 13 May 1995 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Lloyd Axworthy 25 Jan. 1996 - 16 Oct. 2000
Hon. John Manley 17 Oct. 2000 - 15 Jan. 2002
Hon. William Graham 16 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Forestry18
Hon. Anne McLellan 25 4 Nov. 1993 - 11 Jan. 1995

Minister of Health26
Hon. David Charles Dingwall 12 July 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Allan Rock 11 June 1997 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Anne McLellan 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Human Resources Development16
Hon. Douglas Young 12 July 1996 - 3 Oct. 1996
Hon. Pierre Pettigrew 4 Oct. 1996 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Jane Stewart 3 Aug. 1999 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
Hon. Ron Irwin 4 Nov. 1993 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Jane Stewart 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Robert Daniel Nault 3 Aug. 1999 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Industry27
Hon. John Manley 28 29 March 1995 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. John Manley 28 25 Jan. 1996 - 16 Oct. 2000
Hon. Brian Tobin 29 17 Oct. 2000 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Allan Rock 30 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Industry, Science and Technology27
Hon. John Manley 31 4 Nov. 1993 - 28 March 1995

Minister for International Cooperation32
Hon. Pierre Pettigrew 33 25 Jan. 1996 - 3 Oct. 1996
Hon. Don Boudria 34 4 Oct. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Diane Marleau 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Maria Minna 3 Aug. 1999 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Susan Whelan 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister for International Trade35
Hon. Roy MacLaren 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Arthur C. Eggleton 25 Jan. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Sergio Marchi 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Pierre Pettigrew 3 Aug. 1999 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Hon. Allan Rock 4 Nov. 1993 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Anne McLellan 11 June 1997 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Martin Cauchon 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Labour36
Hon. Lloyd Axworthy 37 4 Nov. 1993 - 21 Feb. 1995
Hon. Lucienne Robillard 22 Feb. 1995 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Alfonso Gagliano 38 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 July 1996
Hon. Alfonso Gagliano 38 12 July 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Lawrence MacAulay 11 June 1997 - 22 Nov. 1998
Hon. Claudette Bradshaw 23 Nov. 1998 - 11 Dec. 2003

Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Hon. Herbert Eser Gray 39 4 Nov. 1993 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Don Boudria 40 11 June 1997 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Ralph E. Goodale 41 15 Jan. 2002 - 25 May 2002
Hon. Don Boudria 40 26 May 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Leader of the Government in the Senate
Hon. Joyce Fairbairn 42 4 Nov. 1993 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Bernard Alasdair Graham 11 June 1997 - 3 Oct. 1999
Hon. J. Bernard Boudreau 4 Oct. 1999 - 8 Jan. 2001
Hon. Sharon Carstairs 9 Jan. 2001 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship8
Hon. Michel Dupuy 43 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Sheila Copps 44 25 Jan. 1996 - 1 May 1996
Hon. Sheila Copps 44 19 June 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of National Defence
Hon. David Michael Collenette 45 4 Nov. 1993 - 4 Oct. 1996
Hon. Douglas Young 4 Oct. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Arthur C. Eggleton 46 11 June 1997 - 26 May 2002
Hon. John McCallum 26 May 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of National Health and Welfare26
Hon. Diane Marleau 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. David Charles Dingwall 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of National Revenue
Hon. David Anderson 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Jane Stewart 25 Jan. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Herb Dhaliwal 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Martin Cauchon 3 Aug. 1999 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Elinor Caplan 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Natural Resources18
Hon. Anne McLellan 12 Jan. 1995 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Ralph E. Goodale 11 June 1997 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Herb Dhaliwal 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

President of the Privy Council
Hon. Marcel Massé 47 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Stéphane Dion 48 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Public Works49
Hon. David Charles Dingwall 50 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Diane Marleau 51 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of Public Works and Government Services49
Hon. Diane Marleau 12 July 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Alfonso Gagliano 11 June 1997 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Don Boudria 15 Jan. 2002 - 25 May 2002
Hon. Ralph Goodale 26 May 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Secretary of State of Canada
Hon. Sergio Marchi 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Lucienne Robillard 52 25 Jan. 1996 - 12 July 1996

Solicitor General of Canada
Hon. Herbert Eser Gray 53 4 Nov. 1993 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Andy Scott 54 11 June 1997 - 23 Nov. 1998
Hon. Lawrence MacAulay 55 23 Nov. 1998 - 22 Oct. 2002
Hon. Arnold Wayne Easter 22 Oct. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Supply and Services49
Hon. David Charles Dingwall 56 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Diane Marleau 57 25 Jan. 1996 - 11 July 1996

Minister of Transport
Hon. Douglas Young 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. David Anderson 25 Jan. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. David Michael Collenette 11 June 1997 - 11 Dec. 2003

President of the Treasury Board
Hon. Arthur C. Eggleton 58 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. Marcel Massé 59 25 Jan. 1996 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. Lucienne Robillard 3 Aug. 1999 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Veterans Affairs
Hon. David Michael Collenette 60 4 Nov. 1993 - 4 Oct. 1996
Hon. Douglas Young 4 Oct. 1996 - 10 June 1997
Hon. Fred J. Mifflin 61 11 June 1997 - 2 Aug. 1999
Hon. George Baker 62 3 Aug. 1999 - 16 Oct. 2000
Hon. Ronald J. Duhamel 17 Oct. 2000 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Rey Pagtakhan 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Minister of Western Economic Diversification
Hon. Lloyd Axworthy 63 4 Nov. 1993 - 24 Jan. 1996
Hon. John Manley 64 25 Jan. 1996 - 16 Oct. 2000
Hon. Brian Tobin 65 17 Oct. 2000 - 14 Jan. 2002
Hon. Allan Rock 66 15 Jan. 2002 - 11 Dec. 2003

Footnotes

  • [*]

    SECRETARIES OF STATE

    Prime Minister Chrétien announced the formation of his Cabinet on November 4, 1993. The new position of Secretary of State was created to provide additional support to Cabinet Ministers and to the Government as a whole in meeting the objectives set out by the Prime Minister.

    Secretaries of State are sworn to the Privy Council and are members of the Ministry. As such, they are bound by collective responsibility. They are not, however, members of the Cabinet. Secretaries of State are assigned to assist Cabinet Ministers in specific areas within their portfolios.

    Secretaries of State are paid 75% of a Cabinet Minister's salary. For legal purposes, the Secretaries of State are formally appointed as Ministers of State to Assist.


  • [1] After the defeat of the Government in the general election of October 25, 1993, Campbell formally tendered her resignation on November 4, 1993. On the same day the Twenty-Sixth Ministry took office. It was composed of 22 Cabinet Ministers and eight Secretaries of State who, although part of the Ministry, were not members of Cabinet.
  • [2] The office of the Minister of Agriculture was abolished. The office of the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food was established by Statute of Canada, 1994, c. 38, assented to on November 24, 1994 and in force on January 12, 1995.
  • [3] Copps retained the title of "Deputy Prime Minister".
  • [4] Dingwall was also appointed Minister of Public Works and Minister of Supply and Services.
  • [5] Manley was also appointed Minister of Industry and Minister of Western Economic Diversification. He was given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec.
  • [6] Tobin was also appointed Minister of Industry and Minister of Western Economic Diversification. He was given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec. He resigned from the Ministry on January 14, 2002.
  • [7] Rock is also Minister of Industry and Minister of Western Economic Diversification.
  • [8] The office of the Minister of Communications and the office of the Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship were abolished. The office of the Minister of Canadian Heritage was established by Statutes of Canada, 1996, c. 11, assented to on June 15, 1996 and in force on July 12, 1996.
  • [9] The office of the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration was established by Statute of Canada, 1994, c. 31, assented to and in force on June 23, 1994.
  • [10] Marchi remained Secretary of State of Canada.
  • [11] Robillard was also appointed Secretary of State of Canada.
  • [12] Dupuy was also appointed Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship.
  • [13] Copps retained her title of "Deputy Prime Minister". She was also appointed Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship. She resigned from the Ministry on May 1, 1996 and was sworn-in under the same portfolio on June 19, 1996.
  • [14] The office of the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs was abolished. The office of the Minister of Industry was established by Statutes of Canada, 1995, c. 1, assented to on March 16, 1995 and in force on March 29, 1995.
  • [15] Manley was also appointed Minister of Industry, Science and Technology.
  • [16] The office of the Minister of Employment and Immigration was abolished. The office of the Minister of Human Resources Development was established by Statutes of Canada, 1996, c. 11, assented to on May 29, 1996 and in force on July 12, 1996.
  • [17] Axworthy was also appointed Minister of Labour and Minister of Western Economic Diversification.
  • [18] The office of the Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources and Minister of Forestry was abolished. The office of the Minister of Natural Resources was established by Statutes of Canada, 1994, c. 41, assented to on December 15, 1994 and in force on January 12, 1995.
  • [19] McLellan was also appointed Minister of Forestry.
  • [20] Copps was also given the title of "Deputy Prime Minister".
  • [21] The office of the Secretary of State for External Affairs was abolished. The office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs was established by Statutes of Canada, 1995, c. 5, assented to on March 26, 1995, and in force on May 13, 1995.
  • [22] Martin was also given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec.
  • [23] Manley retained the title of "Deputy Prime Minister" and "Minister of Infrastructure".
  • [24] Tobin resigned from the Ministry of Fisheries and Oceans on January 8, 1996 to become Premier of Newfoundland.
  • [25] McLellan was also appointed Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources.
  • [26] The office of the Minister of National Health and Welfare was abolished. The office of the Minister of Health was established by Statutes of Canada, 1996, c. 8, assented to on May 29, 1996 and in force on July 12, 1996.
  • [27] The office of the Minister of Industry, Science and Technology was abolished. The office of the Minister of Industry was established by Statutes of Canada, 1995, c. 1, assented to on March 16, 1995 and in force on March 29, 1995.
  • [28] Manley was also appointed Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and Minister of Western Economic Diversification on January 25, 1996. He was also given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec.
  • [29] Tobin was also appointed Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and Minister of Western Economic Diversification. He was also given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec. He resigned from the Ministry on January 14, 2002.
  • [30] Rock is also Minister of Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and Western Economic Diversification.
  • [31] Manley was also appointed Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs.
  • [32] The office of the Minister for International Cooperation was established by Statutes of Canada, 1995, c. 5, assented to on March 26, 1995 and in force on May 13, 1995.
  • [33] Pettigrew was also given the title of Minister responsible for Francophonie.
  • [34] Boudria was also given the title of Minister responsible for Francophonie.
  • [35] The office of the < ministre du Commerce extérieur > was abolished and the office of the < ministre du Commerce international > was established pursuant to the Statutes of Canada (1995), c. 5, assented to on March 26, 1995 and in force on May 13, 1995.
  • [36] The office of the Minister of Labour was established by Statutes of Canada, 1996, c. 11, assented to on May 29, 1996 and in force on July 12, 1996. The Department of Labour was amalgamated with the Department of Human Resources Development.
  • [37] Axworthy was also appointed Minister of Employment and Immigration and Minister of Western Economic Diversification.
  • [38] Gagliano remained Deputy Leader of the Government in the House of Commons.
  • [39] Gray was also appointed Solicitor General of Canada.
  • [40] Boudria was also appointed Minister of State.
  • [41] Goodale was also appointed Minister of State.
  • [42] Fairbairn was also given the title of Minister with special responsibility for Literacy.
  • [43] Dupuy was also appointed Minister of Communications.
  • [44] Copps was appointed Minister of Communications and retained her title of "Deputy Prime Minister". She resigned from the Ministry on May 1, 1996 and was sworn-in to the same portfolio on June 19, 1996.
  • [45] Collenette was also appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs. He resigned from the Ministry on October 4, 1996.
  • [46] Eggleton resigned from the Ministry on May 26, 2002.
  • [47] Massé was also given the title of Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister responsible for Public Service Renewal.
  • [48] Dion was also given the title of Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs.
  • [49] The office of the Minister of Supply and Services was abolished. The office of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services was established by Statutes of Canada, 1996, c. 16, assented to on June 20, 1996 and in force on July 12, 1996.
  • [50] Dingwall was also appointed Minister of Supply and Services and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.
  • [51] Marleau was also appointed Minister of Supply and Services.
  • [52] Robillard was also appointed Minister of Citizenship and Immigration.
  • [53] Gray was also appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons.
  • [54] Scott resigned from the Ministry on November 23, 1998.
  • [55] MacAulay resigned from the Ministry on October 22, 2002.
  • [56] Dingwall was also appointed Minister of Public Works and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.
  • [57] Marleau was also appointed Minister of Public Works.
  • [58] Eggleton was also given the title of Minister responsible for Infrastructure.
  • [59] Massé was also given the title of Minister responsible for Infrastructure.
  • [60] Collenette was also appointed Minister of National Defence. He resigned from the Ministry on October 4, 1996.
  • [61] Mifflin was also appointed Minister of State, to be styled Secretary of State (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency).
  • [62] Baker was also appointed Minister of State to be styled Secretary of State (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency).
  • [63] Axworthy was also appointed Minister of Employment and Immigration and Minister of Labour.
  • [64] Manley was also appointed Minister of Industry and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. He was also given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec.
  • [65] Tobin was also appointed Minister of Industry and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. He was also given the title of Minister responsible for the Federal Office of Regional Development - Quebec. He resigned from the Ministry on January 14, 2002.
  • [66] Rock is also Minister of Industry and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.