Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation

The Ministries


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Twentieth Ministry

Liberal 1
20 April 1968 - 3 June 1979

Prime Minister
Right Honourable Pierre Elliott Trudeau 2

The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Minister of Agriculture
Hon. John James Greene 3 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Horace Andrew Olson 6 July 1968 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Eugene Francis Whelan 27 Nov. 1972 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Communications4
Hon. Eric William Kierans 1 April 1969 - 28 April 1971
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté Acting Minister 29 April 1971 - 10 May 1971
Hon. Gérard Pelletier Acting Minister 11 May 1971 - 11 Aug. 1971
Hon. Robert Douglas George Stanbury 5 12 Aug. 1971 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Gérard Pelletier 6 27 Nov. 1972 - 28 Aug. 1975
Hon. Pierre Juneau 29 Aug. 1975 - 24 Oct. 1975
Hon. Otto Emil Lang Acting Minister 25 Oct. 1975 - 4 Dec. 1975
Hon. Jeanne Sauvé 7 5 Dec. 1975 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs8
Hon. John Napier Turner 9 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Stanley Ronald Basford 10 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 28 Jan. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Herbert Eser Gray 12 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. André Ouellet 13 8 Aug. 1974 - 15 March 1976
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey Acting Minister 16 March 1976 - 7 April 1976
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 8 April 1976 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Anthony Chisholm Abbott 15 14 Sept. 1976 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. William Warren Allmand 16 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Defence Production17  18
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 6 July 1968 - 31 March 1969

Minister of State for Economic Development21
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Employment and Immigration22
Hon. Jack Sydney George Cullen 23 15 Aug. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 24 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. John James Greene 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Donald Stovel Macdonald 25 28 Jan. 1972 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Alastair William Gillespie 26 26 Sept. 1975 - 3 June 1979

Minister of the Environment27
Hon. Jack Davis 28 11 June 1971 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Jeanne Sauvé 7 8 Aug. 1974 - 4 Dec. 1975
Hon. Roméo LeBlanc Acting Minister 5 Dec. 1975 - 21 Jan. 1976
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 22 Jan. 1976 - 30 June 1976
Hon. Roméo LeBlanc Acting Minister 1 July 1976 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Roméo LeBlanc 30 14 Sept. 1976 - 1 April 1979
Hon. Leonard Stephen Marchand 31 2 April 1979 - 3 June 1979

Secretary of State for External Affairs
Hon. Mitchell William Sharp 32 20 April 1968 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 33 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 14 Sept. 1976 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Finance18
Hon. Edgar John Benson 34 20 April 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. John Napier Turner 9 28 Jan. 1972 - 9 Sept. 1975
Hon. Charles Mills Drury Acting Minister 10 Sept. 1975 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Donald Stovel Macdonald 25 26 Sept. 1975 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 35 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Fisheries36  27
Hon. Hédard Robichaud 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jack Davis 28 6 July 1968 - 31 March 1969

Minister of Fisheries and Forestry36  27
Hon. Jack Davis 28 1 April 1969 - 10 June 1971

Minister of Fisheries and Oceans37
Hon. Roméo LeBlanc 30 2 April 1979 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Forestry and Rural Development36
Hon. Maurice Sauvé 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 6 July 1968 - 31 March 1969

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
Hon. Arthur Laing 38 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 35 6 July 1968 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. J. Judd Buchanan 39 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. William Warren Allmand 16 14 Sept. 1976 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. James Hugh Faulkner 40 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Industry17  41
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 24 6 July 1968 - 31 March 1969

Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce41
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 24 1 April 1969 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Alastair William Gillespie 26 27 Nov. 1972 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 26 Sept. 1975 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 35 14 Sept. 1976 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. John Henry Horner 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Rt Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. John Napier Turner 9 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Otto Emil Lang 42 28 Jan. 1972 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Stanley Ronald Basford 10 26 Sept. 1975 - 2 Aug. 1978
Hon. Otto Emil Lang Acting Minister 42 3 Aug. 1978 - 8 Aug. 1978
Hon. Otto Emil Lang 42 9 Aug. 1978 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Marc Lalonde 43 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Labour
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 24 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Martin Patrick O'Connell 28 Jan. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. John Carr Munro 44 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Sept. 1978
Hon. André Ouellet Acting Minister 8 Sept. 1978 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Martin Patrick O'Connell 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Leader of the Government in the Senate45
Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin Senator 1 April 1969 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Raymond Joseph Perrault Senator 8 Aug. 1974 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Manpower and Immigration
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 33 6 July 1968 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. Otto Emil Lang 42 24 Sept. 1970 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 28 Jan. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 27 Nov. 1972 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Jack Sydney George Cullen 23 14 Sept. 1976 - 14 Aug. 1977

Minister of State46
Hon. Martin Patrick O'Connell 47 12 Aug. 1971 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Patrick Morgan Mahoney 28 Jan. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Stanley Haidasz 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 3 June 1974 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Roméo LeBlanc 30 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Leonard Stephen Marchand 31 14 Sept. 1976 - 1 April 1979
Hon. Iona Campagnolo 48 15 Sept. 1976 - 3 June 1979
Hon. Joseph-Philippe Guay 49 21 April 1977 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. Marc Lalonde 43 16 Sept. 1977 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Norman A. Cafik 50 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979
Hon. Anthony Chisholm Abbott 15 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979
Hon. John M. Reid 51 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister without Portfolio
Hon. Charles Ronald McKay Granger 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin 52 20 April 1968 - 31 March 1969
Hon. Donald Stovel Macdonald 25 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. John Carr Munro 44 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Gérard Pelletier 6 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jack Davis 28 26 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 6 July 1968 - 29 June 1971
Hon. Otto Emil Lang 42 6 July 1968 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. James Armstrong Richardson 53 6 July 1968 - 4 May 1969
Hon. Herbert Eser Gray 12 20 Oct. 1969 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. Robert Douglas George Stanbury 5 20 Oct. 1969 - 11 Aug. 1971
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté 54 24 Sept. 1970 - 10 June 1971
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 26 Sept. 1975 - 21 Jan. 1976
Hon. Joseph-Philippe Guay 49 3 Nov. 1976 - 20 April 1977
Hon. John Henry Horner 55 21 April 1977 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. Gilles Lamontagne 56 19 Jan. 1978 - 1 Feb. 1978

Associate Minister of National Defence
Vacant 20 April 1968 - 3 June 1979

Minister of National Defence
Hon. Léo Alphonse Joseph Cadieux 20 April 1968 - 16 Sept. 1970
Hon. Charles Mills Drury Acting Minister 17 Sept. 1970 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. Donald Stovel Macdonald 25 24 Sept. 1970 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Edgar John Benson 34 28 Jan. 1972 - 31 Aug. 1972
Hon. Jean-Eudes Dubé Acting Minister 1 Sept. 1972 - 6 Sept. 1972
Hon. Charles Mills Drury Acting Minister 7 Sept. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. James Armstrong Richardson 53 27 Nov. 1972 - 12 Oct. 1976
Hon. Barnett Jerome Danson Acting Minister 13 Oct. 1976 - 2 Nov. 1976
Hon. Barnett Jerome Danson 3 Nov. 1976 - 3 June 1979

Minister of National Health and Welfare
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 33 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. John Carr Munro 44 6 July 1968 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Marc Lalonde 43 27 Nov. 1972 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. Monique Bégin 57 16 Sept. 1977 - 3 June 1979

Minister of National Revenue
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 35 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté 54 6 July 1968 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. Herbert Eser Gray 12 24 Sept. 1970 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Robert Douglas George Stanbury 5 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Stanley Ronald Basford 10 8 Aug. 1974 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Jack Sydney George Cullen 23 26 Sept. 1975 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Monique Bégin 57 14 Sept. 1976 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. Joseph-Philippe Guay Senator 49 16 Sept. 1977 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Anthony Chisholm Abbott 15 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Postmaster General4
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté 54 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Eric William Kierans 6 July 1968 - 28 April 1971
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté Acting Minister 29 April 1971 - 10 June 1971
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté 11 June 1971 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. André Ouellet 13 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 14 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Jean-Jacques Blais 58 14 Sept. 1976 - 1 Feb. 1978
Hon. Gilles Lamontagne 2 Feb. 1978 - 3 June 1979

President of the Privy Council
Rt Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau Acting Minister 20 April 1968 - 1 May 1968
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen Acting Minister 33 2 May 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Donald Stovel Macdonald 25 6 July 1968 - 23 Sept. 1970
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 33 24 Sept. 1970 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Mitchell William Sharp 32 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 33 14 Sept. 1976 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Public Works
Hon. George James McIlraith 59 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Arthur Laing 38 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Jean-Eudes Dubé 28 Jan. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. J. Judd Buchanan 39 14 Sept. 1976 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. André Ouellet 13 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Regional Economic Expansion60
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 1 April 1969 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 27 Nov. 1972 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Marcel Lessard 26 Sept. 1975 - 3 June 1979

Minister of State for Science and Technology21
Hon. Alastair William Gillespie 26 12 Aug. 1971 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Jeanne Sauvé 7 27 Nov. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. James Hugh Faulkner 40 14 Sept. 1976 - 15 Sept. 1977
Hon. J. Judd Buchanan 39 16 Sept. 1977 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Alastair William Gillespie 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Secretary of State of Canada
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Gérard Pelletier 6 6 July 1968 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. James Hugh Faulkner 40 27 Nov. 1972 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. John Roberts 14 Sept. 1976 - 3 June 1979

Solicitor General of Canada
Hon. John Napier Turner 9 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. George James McIlraith 6 July 1968 - 21 Dec. 1970
Hon. Jean-Pierre Goyer 61 22 Dec. 1970 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. William Warren Allmand 16 27 Nov. 1972 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Francis Fox 62 14 Sept. 1976 - 27 Jan. 1978
Hon. Stanley Ronald Basford Acting Minister 28 Jan. 1978 - 1 Feb. 1978
Hon. Jean-Jacques Blais 2 Feb. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Supply and Services18
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 1 April 1969 - 4 May 1969
Hon. James Armstrong Richardson 53 5 May 1969 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Jean-Pierre Goyer 61 27 Nov. 1972 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. Pierre De Bané 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of Trade and Commerce41
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 24 6 July 1968 - 31 March 1969

Minister of Transport
Hon. Paul Theodore Hellyer 20 April 1968 - 29 April 1969
Hon. James Armstrong Richardson Acting Minister 30 April 1969 - 4 May 1969
Hon. Donald Campbell Jamieson 20 5 May 1969 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Jean Marchand 29 27 Nov. 1972 - 25 Sept. 1975
Hon. Otto Emil Lang 42 26 Sept. 1975 - 3 June 1979

President of the Treasury Board
Hon. Edgar John Benson 34 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 19 6 July 1968 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 35 8 Aug. 1974 - 13 Sept. 1976
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 14 Sept. 1976 - 23 Nov. 1978
Hon. J. Judd Buchanan 39 24 Nov. 1978 - 3 June 1979

Minister of State for Urban Affairs63
Hon. Robert Knight Andras 11 30 June 1971 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Stanley Ronald Basford 10 28 Jan. 1972 - 7 Aug. 1974
Hon. Barnett Jerome Danson 64 8 Aug. 1974 - 2 Nov. 1976
Hon. André Ouellet 65  13 3 Nov. 1976 - 31 March 1979

Minister of Veterans Affairs
Hon. Roger Joseph Teillet 20 April 1968 - 5 July 1968
Hon. Jean-Eudes Dubé 66 6 July 1968 - 27 Jan. 1972
Hon. Arthur Laing 38 28 Jan. 1972 - 26 Nov. 1972
Hon. Daniel Joseph MacDonald 27 Nov. 1972 - 1 June 1979

Footnotes

  • [1] On April 20, 1968, Pearson resigned as Prime Minister and the Twentieth Ministry assumed office. It was composed of twenty-one ministers from the Nineteenth Ministry and three additional Ministers without Portfolio. The Ministry resigned on June 3, 1979.
  • [2] Trudeau was also Minister of Justice and Attorney General.
  • [3] Greene was appointed Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources on July 6 July, 1968.
  • [4] The office of Minister of Communications was created by Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, c. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and proclaimed in force on April 1, 1969. By this Act the Minister of Communications was ex officio the Postmaster General. The office of Postmaster General was recreated by Statute 1970-71-72 Eliz. II, c. 42, assented to on May 26, 1971 and in force on June 11, 1971.
  • [5] Stanbury was appointed Minister without Portfolio on October 20, 1969; Minister of Communications on August 12, 1971 and Minister of National Revenue on November 27, 1972.
  • [6] Pelletier was appointed Secretary of State of Canada on July 6, 1968 and Minister of Communications on November 27, 1972.
  • [7] Sauvé was appointed Minister of State for Science and Technology on November 27, 1972; Minister of the Environment on August 8, 1974 and Minister of Communications on December 5, 1975 .
  • [8] The Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs performs the duties of the Registrar General of Canada.
  • [9] Turner was appointed Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs and Solicitor General on April 20, 1968; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on July 6, 1968 and Minister of Finance on January 28, 1972.
  • [10] Basford was appointed Minister of State for Urban Affairs on January 28, 1972; Minister of National Revenue on August 8, 1974; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on September 26, 1975. He resigned on August 2, 1978.
  • [11] Andras was appointed Minister of State for Urban Affairs on June 30, 1971; Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on January 28, 1972; Minister of Manpower and Immigration on November 27, 1972; President of the Treasury Board on September 14, 1976; Minister of State for Economic Development on November 24, 1978 and President of the Board of Economic Development Ministers.
  • [12] Gray was appointed Minister without Portfolio on October 20, 1969; Minister of National Revenue on September 24, 1970 and Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on November 27, 1972.
  • [13] Ouellet was appointed Postmaster General on November 27, 1972; Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on August 8, 1974; Minister of State for Urban Affairs on November 3, 1976 and Minister of Public Works on November 24, 1978.
  • [14] Mackasey was appointed Minister without Portfolio on April 20, 1968; Minister of Labour on July 6 July, 1968; Minister of Manpower and Immigration on January 28, 1972; Postmaster General on August 8, 1974; Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on April 8, 1976. He resigned on September 13, 1976.
  • [15] Abbott was appointed Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on September 14, 1976; Minister of State (Small Businesses) on September 16, 1977; he was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1977-2797 of September 29, 1977 to assist the Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce in the carrying out of the latter's responsibilities in respect of the policies and programs related to small business firms and was given the title "Minister of State (Small Businesses)". On November 24, 1978 he was also appointed Minister of National Revenue.
  • [16] Allmand was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on September 14, 1976 and Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on September 16, 1977.
  • [17] From July 25, 1963 to July 12, 1968, pursuant to Statute 12 Eliz. II, c. 3, the Minister of Industry exercised all the duties, powers and functions of the Minister of Defence Production. On July 12, 1968, by Order in Council pursuant to the Public Service Rearrangement and Transfer of Duties Act, these powers were transferred back to the Minister of Defence Production.
  • [18] The office of Minister of Defence Production was abolished and the office of Minister of Supply and Services created by Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, ch. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and in force on April 1, 1969. By this Act the Minister of Supply and Services is ex officio the Receiver General of Canada, the office having been previously held ex officio by the Minister of Finance.
  • [19] Drury was appointed Minister of Defence Production, Minister of Industry and Minister of Trade and Commerce on April 20, 1968. He was appointed President of the Treasury Board on July 6, 1968; Minister of State for Science and Technology and Minister of Public Works on August 8, 1974. He resigned on September 13, 1976.
  • [20] Jamieson was appointed Minister of Defence Production on July 6, 1968; Minister of Supply and Services on April 1, 1969; Minister of Transport on May 5, 1969; Minister of Regional Economic Expansion on November 27, 1972; Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce on September 26, 1975; and Secretary of State for External Affairs on September 14, 1976.
  • [21] The Ministry of State for Science and Technology was proclaimed on August 12, 1971 under the Ministries and Ministers of State Act, 19-20 Eliz. II, 1970-71, c. 42, Part IV.
  • [22] The office of Minister of Employment and Immigration was created by Statute 25-26 Eliz. II, c. 54, assented to on August 5, 1977 and in force on August 15, 1977.
  • [23] Cullen was appointed Minister of Manpower and Immigration on September 15, 1976 and Minister of Employment and Immigration on August 15, 1977.
  • [24] Pepin was appointed Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources and Minister of Labour on April 20, 1968; Minister of Industry and Minister of Trade and Commerce on July 6, 1968 and Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce on April 1, 1969.
  • [25] Macdonald was appointed Minister without Portfolio on April 20, 1968; President of the Privy Council on July 6, 1968; Minister of National Defence on September 24, 1970; Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources on January 28, 1972 and Minister of Finance on September 26, 1975. He resigned on September 15, 1977.
  • [26] Gillespie was appointed Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce on November 27, 1972 and Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources on September 26, 1975.
  • [27] The office of Minister of the Environment was created by Statute 19-20 Eliz. II, c. 42 assented to on May 26, 1971 and in force June 11, 1971. By this Act the Minister of the Environment is the Minister of Fisheries. Government Organization Act 1979 deleted the duties of the Minister of Fisheries and created the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
  • [28] Davis was appointed Minister of Fisheries on July 6, 1968; Minister of Fisheries and Forestry on April 1, 1069 and Minister of the Environment on June 11, 1971.
  • [29] Jean Marchand was appointed Minister of Manpower and Immigration and Secretary of State on April 20, 1968; Minister of Forestry and Rural Development on July 6, 1968; Minister of Regional Economic Expansion on April 1, 1969; Minister of Transport on November 27, 1972; Minister without Portfolio on September 26, 1975; and Minister of the Environment on January 22, 1976. He resigned on June 30, 1976.
  • [30] LeBlanc was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1974-1837 of August 8, 1974 to assist the Minister of the Environment to carry out the latter's responsibilities as Minister of Fisheries. Also the powers, duties and functions of the Minister of the Environment under various Acts relating to fisheries were transferred to Mr. LeBlanc by Order in Council P.C. 1974-1839 of August 8, 1974. Mr. LeBlanc was given the title "Minister of State (Fisheries)". He was appointed Minister of the Environment on September 14, 1976 and given the title "Minister of Fisheries and Environment". He became Minister of Fisheries and Oceans on April 2, 1979.
  • [31] Leonard Stephen Marchand was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1976-2424 of September 30, 1976 to assist the Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce in the carrying out of the latter's responsibilities in respect of the policies and programs related to small business firms and was given the title "Minister of State (Small Businesses)". He was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1977-2796 of September 29, 1977 to assist the Minister of Fisheries and the Environment ir the carrying out of the latter's responsibilities in respect to the policies and programs related to Environment and was given the title "Minister of State (Environment)".
  • [32] Sharp was appointed Secretary of State for External Affairs on April 20, 1968 and President of the Privy Council on August 8, 1974. He resigned on September 14, 1976.
  • [33] MacEachen was appointed Minister of Manpower and Immigration on July 6, 1968; President of the Privy Council on September 24, 1970; Secretary of State for External Affairs on August 8, 1974; President of the Privy Council on September 14, 1976 and was given the title "Deputy Prime Minister" on September 16, 1977.
  • [34] Benson was appointed Minister of Finance and President of the Treasury Board on April 20, 1968; he was appointed Minister of National Defence on January 28, 1972.
  • [35] Chrétien was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on July 6, 1968; President of the Treasury Board on August 8, 1974; Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce on September 14, 1976 and Minister of Finance on September 16, 1977.
  • [36] The offices of Minister of Fisheries and Minister of Forestry and Rural Development were abolished and the office of Minister of Fisheries and Forestry created by Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, c. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and in force on April 1, 1969.
  • [37] This office was created by Government Organization Act 1979 and proclaimed in force on April 2, 1979.
  • [38] Laing was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on April 20, 1968; Minister of Public Works on July 6, 1968; and Minister of Veterans Affairs on January 28, 1972.
  • [39] Buchanan was also appointed Minister of State for Science and Technology on September 16, 1977, Minister of Public Works on September 14, 1978 and President of the Treasury Board on November 24, 1978.
  • [40] Faulkner was appointed Minister of State for Science and Technology on September 14, 1976 and Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on September 16, 1977.
  • [41] The offices of Minister of Industry and Minister of Trade and Commerce were abolished and the office of Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce created by Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, c. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and in force on April 1, 1969.
  • [42] Lang was appointed Minister without Portfolio on July 6, 1968; Minister of Manpower and Immigration on September 24, 1970; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on January 28, 1972; Minister of Transport on September 26, 1975; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on August 9, 1978. He was replaced by Marc Lalonde on November 24, 1978.
  • [43] Lalonde was appointed Minister of National Health and Welfare on November 27, 1972; he was assigned to assist the Prime Minister in matters related to Federal-Provincial Relations and was given the title "Minister of State for Federal-Provincial Relations" on September 16, 1977. He was appointed Minister of Justice and Attorney General on November 24, 1978.
  • [44] Munro was appointed Minister without Portfolio on April 20, 1968; Minister of National Health and Welfare on July 6, 1968 and Minister of Labour on November 27, 1972. He resigned on September 7, 1978.
  • [45] The ministerial office of Leader of the Government in the Senate was recognized by the appointment of Martin by Commission under the Great Seal of Canada and by section 97 of Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, c. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and in force on April 1, 1969. Previously the position was not per se a ministerial office, although occasionally the incumbent held a Cabinet portfolio while serving as Leader of the Government in the Senate.
  • [46] The title Minister of State was created under the Ministries and Ministers of State Act, 19-20 Eliz. II, 1970-71, c. 42, Part IV. While no specific duties are given to a Minister of State, he can be assigned by the Governor in Council to assist any Minister or Ministers having responsibilities for any department or other portion of the public service.
  • [47] O'Connell was appointed Minister of Labour on January 28, 1972.
  • [48] Campagnolo was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1976-2423 of September 30, 1976 to assist the Minister of National Health and Welfare in carrying out the latter's responsibilities in respect of the policies and program related to fitness and amateur sport and was given the title "Minister of State (Fitness and Amateur Sport)".
  • [49] Guay was appointed Minister without Portfolio on November 3, 1976. On April 21,1977, he was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1977-1129 to assist the Secretary of State of Canada in the carrying out of the latter's responsibilities in respect of the policies and programs related to Multiculturalism and was given the title "Minister of State (Multiculturalism)". He was appointed Minister of National Revenue on September 16, 1977 and summoned to the Senate on March 23, 1978. He resigned on November 23, 1978.
  • [50] Cafik was assigned by Order in Council P.C. 1977-2798 of September 29, 1977 to assist the Secretary of State of Canada in the carrying out of the latter's responsibilities in respect of the policies and programs related to Multiculturalism and was given the title "Minister of State (Multiculturalism)".
  • [51] Reid was assigned to assist the Prime Minister in matters related to Federal-Provincial Relations and was given the title "Minister of State (Federal-Provincial Relations)".
  • [52] Martin was appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate on April 1, 1969.
  • [53] Richardson was appointed Minister with Portfolio on July 6, 1968; Minister of Supply and Services on May 5, 1969 and Minister of National Defence on November 27, 1972. He resigned on October 12, 1976.
  • [54] Côté was appointed Minister of National Revenue on July 6, 1968; Minister without Portfolio responsible for the Post Office on September 24, 1970 and Postmaster General on June 11, 1971.
  • [55] Horner was appointed Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce on September 16, 1977.
  • [56] Lamontagne was appointed Postmaster General on February 2, 1978.
  • [57] Bégin was appointed Minister of National Revenue on September 14, 1976 and Minister of National Health and Welfare on September 16, 1977.
  • [58] Blais was appointed Solicitor General on February 2, 1978.
  • [59] McIlraith was appointed Solicitor General of Canada on July 5, 1968.
  • [60] The office of Minister of Regional Economic Expansion was created by Statute 17-18 Eliz. II, c. 28, assented to on March 28, 1969 and in force on April 1, 1969.
  • [61] Goyer was appointed Solicitor General of Canada on December 22, 1970 and Minister of Supply and Services on November 27, 1972. He resigned November 23, 1978.
  • [62] Fox resigned on January 27, 1978.
  • [63] The Ministry of State for Urban Affairs was proclaimed on June 30, 1971 under the Ministries and Ministers of State Act, 19-20 Eliz. II, 1970-71, c. 42, Part IV. The existence of the Ministry was terminated effective on April 1, 1979 by proclamation.
  • [64] Danson was appointed Minister of National Defence on November 3, 1976.
  • [65] The Ministry of State for Urban Affairs was proclaimed on June 30, 1971 under the Ministries and Ministers of State Act, 19-20 Eliz. II, 1970-71, c. 42, Part IV. The existence of the Ministry was terminated effective on April 1, 1979 by proclamation.
  • [66] Dubé was appointed Minister of Public Works on January 28, 1972.