Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation

The Ministries


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Nineteenth Ministry

Liberal 1
22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968

Prime Minister
Right Honourable Lester Bowles Pearson

The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Minister of Agriculture
Hon. Harry William Hays 22 April 1963 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. John James Greene 18 Dec. 1965 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Citizenship and Immigration2
Hon. Guy Favreau 3 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. René Tremblay 4 3 Feb. 1964 - 14 Feb. 1965
Hon. John Robert Nicholson 5 15 Feb. 1965 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Jean Marchand 6 18 Dec. 1965 - 30 Sept. 1966

Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs7
Hon. John Napier Turner 8 21 Dec. 1967 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Defence Production9
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources10
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 11 1 Oct. 1966 - 20 April 1968

Secretary of State for External Affairs
Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin 22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Finance and Receiver General
Hon. Walter Lockhart Gordon 12 22 April 1963 - 10 Nov. 1965
Hon. Mitchell William Sharp Acting Minister 11 Nov. 1965 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Mitchell William Sharp 13 18 Dec. 1965 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Fisheries
Hon. Hédard Robichaud 22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Forestry14
Hon. John Robert Nicholson 5 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. Maurice Sauvé 15 3 Feb. 1964 - 30 Sept. 1966

Minister of Forestry and Rural Development14
Hon. Maurice Sauvé 1 Oct. 1966 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development9
Hon. Arthur Laing 1 Oct. 1966 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Industry9
Hon. Charles Mills Drury 25 July 1963 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Hon. Lionel Chevrier 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. Guy Favreau 3 3 Feb. 1964 - 29 June 1965
Hon. George James McIlraith Acting Minister 30 June 1965 - 6 July 1965
Hon. Louis Joseph Lucien Cardin 16 7 July 1965 - 3 April 1967
Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau 4 April 1967 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Labour
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 17 22 April 1963 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. John Robert Nicholson 5 18 Dec. 1965 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Manpower and Immigration2
Hon. Jean Marchand 1 Oct. 1966 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Mines and Technical Surveys10
Hon. William Moore Benidickson 22 April 1963 - 6 July 1965
Hon. John Watson MacNaught 7 July 1965 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 11 18 Dec. 1965 - 30 Sept. 1966

Minister without Portfolio
Hon. William Ross Macdonald Senator 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. John Watson MacNaught 18 22 April 1963 - 6 July 1965
Hon. René Tremblay 4 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. John Joseph Connolly Senator 3 Feb. 1964 - 20 April 1968
Hon. Yvon Dupuis 3 Feb. 1964 - 21 Jan. 1965
Hon. Lawrence Pennell 18 7 July 1965 - 30 Sept. 1966
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin 11 7 July 1965 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. John Napier Turner 8 18 Dec. 1965 - 3 April 1967
Hon. Walter Lockhart Gordon 12 9 Jan. 1967 - 3 April 1967
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 19 4 April 1967 - 17 Jan. 1968
Hon. Charles Ronald McKay Granger 25 Sept. 1967 - 20 April 1968
Hon. Bryce Stuart Mackasey 9 Feb. 1968 - 20 April 1968

Associate Minister of National Defence
Hon. Louis Joseph Lucien Cardin 16 22 April 1963 - 14 Feb. 1965
Hon. Léo Alphonse Joseph Cadieux 20 15 Feb. 1965 - 18 Sept. 1967
Vacant 19 Sept. 1967 - 20 April 1968

Minister of National Defence
Hon. Paul Theodore Hellyer 21 22 April 1963 - 18 Sept. 1967
Hon. Léo Alphonse Joseph Cadieux 19 Sept. 1967 - 20 April 1968

Minister of National Health and Welfare
Hon. Julia Verlyn LaMarsh 22 22 April 1963 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Allan Joseph MacEachen 18 Dec. 1965 - 20 April 1968

Minister of National Revenue
Hon. John Richard Garland 22 April 1963 - 14 March 1964
Vacant 15 March 1964 - 18 March 1964
Hon. George James McIlraith Acting Minister 19 March 1964 - 28 June 1964
Hon. Edgar John Benson 23 29 June 1964 - 17 Jan. 1968
Hon. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien 18 Jan. 1968 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Northern Affairs and National Resources24
Hon. Arthur Laing 25 22 April 1963 - 30 Sept. 1966

Postmaster General
Hon. Azellus Denis 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. John Robert Nicholson 5 3 Feb. 1964 - 14 Feb. 1965
Hon. René Tremblay 4 15 Feb. 1965 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté 18 Dec. 1965 - 20 April 1968

President of the Privy Council
Hon. Maurice Lamontagne 26 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. George James McIlraith 27 3 Feb. 1964 - 6 July 1965
Hon. Guy Favreau 3 7 July 1965 - 3 April 1967
Hon. Walter Lockhart Gordon 12 4 April 1967 - 10 March 1968
Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau Acting Minister 11 March 1968 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Public Works
Hon. Jean-Paul Deschatelets 22 April 1963 - 11 Feb. 1965
Vacant 12 Feb. 1965 - 14 Feb. 1965
Hon. Louis Joseph Lucien Cardin 16 15 Feb. 1965 - 6 July 1965
Hon. George James McIlraith 27 7 July 1965 - 20 April 1968

Registrar General of Canada28  7
Hon. Guy Favreau 3 1 Oct. 1966 - 3 April 1967
Hon. John Napier Turner 8 4 April 1967 - 20 Dec. 1967

Secretary of State of Canada
Hon. John Whitney Pickersgill 29 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. Maurice Lamontagne 3 Feb. 1964 - 17 Dec. 1965
Hon. Julia Verlyn LaMarsh 18 Dec. 1965 - 9 April 1968
Hon. John Joseph Connolly Acting Minister 10 April 1968 - 20 April 1968

Solicitor General of Canada18
Hon. John Watson MacNaught 30 22 April 1963 - 6 July 1965
Hon. Lawrence Pennell 7 July 1965 - 19 April 1968

Minister of Trade and Commerce
Hon. Mitchell William Sharp 13 22 April 1963 - 3 Jan. 1966
Hon. Robert Henry Winters 4 Jan. 1966 - 29 March 1968
Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin Acting Minister 30 March 1968 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Transport
Hon. George James McIlraith 27 22 April 1963 - 2 Feb. 1964
Hon. John Whitney Pickersgill 3 Feb. 1964 - 18 Sept. 1967
Hon. Paul Theodore Hellyer 19 Sept. 1967 - 20 April 1968

President of the Treasury Board31
Hon. Edgar John Benson 23 1 Oct. 1966 - 20 April 1968

Minister of Veterans Affairs
Hon. Roger Joseph Teillet 22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968

Footnotes

  • [1] With the defeat of the Government in the general election of April 8, 1963, on April 22, the Governor General accepted Diefenbaker's resignation and the Nineteenth Ministry assumed office.
  • [2] The office of Minister of Citizenship and Immigration was abolished and the office of Minister of Manpower and Immigration created by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force October 1, 1966.
  • [3] Favreau was appointed Minister of Citizenship and Immigration on April 22, 1963; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on February 3, 1964; President of the Privy Council on July 7, 1965; and Registrar General of Canada on October 1, 1966.
  • [4] Tremblay was appointed Minister without Porfolio on April 22, 1963; Minister of Citizenship and Immigration on February 3, 1964; and Postmaster General on February 15, 1965.
  • [5] Nicholson was appointed Minister of Forestry on April 22, 1963; Postmaster General on February 3, 1964; Minister of Citizenship and Immigration on February 15, 1965; and Minister of Labour on December 18, 1965.
  • [6] Marchand was appointed Minister of Manpower and Immigration on October 1, 1966.
  • [7] The office of Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs was created by Statute 16 Eliz, II, c. 16, and assented to on December 21, 1967. By this Act the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs is to perform the duties of the Registrar General of Canada. See Registrar General of Canada below.
  • [8] Turner was appointed Minister without Portfolio on December 18, 1965; Registrar General of Canada on April 4, 1967; and Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs on December 21, 1967.
  • [9] The office of Minister of Industry was created by Statute 12 Eliz. II, c. 3, assented to on July 22, 1963 and proclaimed in force on July 25, 1963. By this Act the Minister of Industry was to exercise all the duties, powers and functions of the Minister of Defence Production.
  • [10] The office of Minister of Mines and Technical Surveys was abolished and the office of Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources created by statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966.
  • [11] Pepin was appointed Minister without Portfolio on July 7, 1965; Minister of Mines and Technical Surveys on December 18, 1965; and Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources on October 1, 1966.
  • [12] Gordon was appointed Minister of Finance and Receiver General on April 22, 1963; Minister without Portfolio on January 9, 1967; and President of the Privy Council on April 4, 1967.
  • [13] Sharp was appointed Minister of Trade and Commerce on April 22, 1963; and Minister of Finance and Receiver General on December 18, 1965.
  • [14] The office of Minister of Forestry was abolished and the office of Minister of Forestry and Rural Development created by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966.
  • [15] Sauvé was appointed Minister of Forestry and Rural Development on October 1, 1966.
  • [16] Cardin was appointed Minister of National Defence on April 22, 1963; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on July 7, 1965; and Minister of Public Works on February 15, 1965.
  • [17] MacEachen was appointed Minister of National Health and Welfare on December 18, 1965.
  • [18] Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966, repealed the Solicitor General Act (R.S.C. 1952, ch. 253) and created the ministerial office of the Solicitor General of Canada. Previously the office was not a cabinet portfolio per se, though frequently the incumbent was sworn of the Privy Council and attended Cabinet meetings. A unique procedure followed during the Nineteenth Ministry was the appointment and swearing of both MacNaught and Pennell as Ministers without Portfolio at the same time each was appointed and sworn of the Privy Council and as Solicitor General of Canada. This apparently was done in order to leave no doubt that the appointees were considered members of the Cabinet.
  • [19] Chrétien was appointed Minister of National Revenue on January 18, 1968.
  • [20] Cadieux was appointed Minister of National Defence on September 19, 1967.
  • [21] Hellyer was appointed Minister of Transport on September 19, 1967.
  • [22] LaMarsh was appointed Secretary of State of Canada on December 18, 1965.
  • [23] Benson was appointed Minister of National Revenue on June 29, 1964; and President of the Treasury Board on October 1, 1966.
  • [24] The office of Minister of Northern Affairs and National Resources was abolished and the office of Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966.
  • [25] Laing was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on October 1, 1966.
  • [26] Lamontagne was appointed Secretary of State of Canada on February 3, 1964.
  • [27] McIlraith was appointed Minister of Transport on April 22, 1963; President of the Privy Council on February 3, 1964; and Minister of Public Works on July 7, 1965.
  • [28] The separate ministerial office of Registrar General of Canada was created by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966. Previously the Secretary of State of Canada was ex officio the Registrar General of Canada.
  • [29] Pickersgill was appointed Minister of Transport on February 3, 1964.
  • [30] MacNaught was appointed Minister of Mines and Technical Surveys on July 7, 1965.
  • [31] The office of President of the Treasury Board was created by Statute 14-15 Eliz. II, c. 25, assented to on June 16, 1966 and proclaimed in force on October 1, 1966. Previously the Minister of Finance was ex officio the Chairman of the Treasury Board, which remained a committee of the Privy Council.