Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation

The Ministries


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Twelfth Ministry

Liberal 1
29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Prime Minister
Right Honourable William Lyon Mackenzie King 2

The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Minister of Agriculture
Hon. William Richard Motherwell 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Customs and Excise
Hon. Jacques Bureau 29 Dec. 1921 - 4 Sept. 1925
Hon. Georges-Henri Boivin 5 Sept. 1925 - 28 June 1926

Secretary of State for External Affairs3
Rt Hon. William Lyon Mackenzie King 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Finance and Receiver General
Rt Hon. William Stevens Fielding 29 Dec. 1921 - 4 Sept. 1925
Hon. James Alexander Robb 4 5 Sept. 1925 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Immigration and Colonization
Vacant 29 Dec. 1921 - 2 Jan. 1922
Hon. Hewitt Bostock Senator - Acting Minister 3 Jan. 1922 - 2 Feb. 1922
Vacant 3 Feb. 1922 - 19 Feb. 1922
Hon. Charles Stewart Acting Minister 20 Feb. 1922 - 16 Aug. 1923
Hon. James Alexander Robb 4 17 Aug. 1923 - 4 Sept. 1925
Vacant 5 Sept. 1925 - 6 Sept. 1925
Hon. George Newcombe Gordon 7 Sept. 1925 - 12 Nov. 1925
Hon. Charles Stewart Acting Minister 13 Nov. 1925 - 28 June 1926

Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs5
Hon. Charles Stewart 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister of the Interior5
Hon. Charles Stewart 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Hon. Sir Jean Lomer Gouin 29 Dec. 1921 - 3 Jan. 1924
Hon. Ernest Lapointe Acting Minister 4 Jan. 1924 - 29 Jan. 1924
Hon. Ernest Lapointe 6 30 Jan. 1924 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Labour
Hon. James Murdock 29 Dec. 1921 - 12 Nov. 1925
Hon. James Horace King Acting Minister 13 Nov. 1925 - 7 March 1926
Hon. John Campbell Elliott 7 8 March 1926 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Marine and Fisheries8
Hon. Ernest Lapointe 6 29 Dec. 1921 - 29 Jan. 1924
Hon. Pierre Joseph Arthur Cardin 30 Jan. 1924 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Militia and Defence8  9
Hon. George Perry Graham 10 29 Dec. 1921 - 31 Dec. 1922

Minister of Mines11
Hon. Charles Stewart 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister without Portfolio
Hon. Raoul Dandurand Senator 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926
Hon. Thomas Andrew Low 12 29 Dec. 1921 - 16 Aug. 1923
Hon. John Ewen Sinclair 30 Dec. 1921 - 29 Oct. 1925
Hon. Edward Mortimer Macdonald 13 12 April 1923 - 16 Aug. 1923
Hon. Harold Buchanan McGiverin 20 Sept. 1924 - 29 Oct. 1925
Hon. Herbert Meredith Marler 9 Sept. 1925 - 6 Jan. 1926
Hon. Charles Vincent Massey 16 Sept. 1925 - 12 Nov. 1925
Hon. George Perry Graham 10 20 Feb. 1926 - 6 April 1926

Minister of National Defence9
Hon. George Perry Graham 10 1 Jan. 1923 - 27 April 1923
Hon. Edward Mortimer Macdonald Acting Minister 28 April 1923 - 16 Aug. 1923
Hon. Edward Mortimer Macdonald 17 Aug. 1923 - 28 June 1926

Minister of the Naval Service8  9
Hon. George Perry Graham 10 29 Dec. 1921 - 31 Dec. 1922

Postmaster General
Hon. Charles Murphy Senator 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

President of the Privy Council
Rt Hon. William Lyon Mackenzie King 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Public Works
Hon. Hewitt Bostock Senator 29 Dec. 1921 - 2 Feb. 1922
Hon. James Horace King 3 Feb. 1922 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Railways and Canals
Hon. William Costello Kennedy 29 Dec. 1921 - 18 Jan. 1923
Vacant 19 Jan. 1923 - 27 April 1923
Hon. George Perry Graham 10 28 April 1923 - 19 Feb. 1926
Vacant 20 Feb. 1926 - 28 Feb. 1926
Hon. Charles Avery Dunning 1 March 1926 - 28 June 1926

Secretary of State of Canada14
Hon. Arthur Bliss Copp 29 Dec. 1921 - 24 Sept. 1925
Vacant 25 Sept. 1925 - 25 Sept. 1925
Hon. Walter Edward Foster 26 Sept. 1925 - 12 Nov. 1925
Hon. Charles Murphy Senator - Acting Minister 13 Nov. 1925 - 23 March 1926
Hon. Ernest Lapointe 6 24 March 1926 - 28 June 1926

Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment15
Hon. Henri Sévérin Béland Senator 29 Dec. 1921 - 14 April 1926
Hon. John Campbell Elliott 7 15 April 1926 - 28 June 1926

Solicitor General of Canada16
Hon. Daniel Duncan McKenzie 29 Dec. 1921 - 10 April 1923
Vacant 11 April 1923 - 13 Nov. 1923
Hon. Edward James McMurray 14 Nov. 1923 - 22 May 1925
Vacant 23 May 1925 - 4 Sept. 1925

Minister of Trade and Commerce
Hon. James Alexander Robb 4 29 Dec. 1921 - 16 Aug. 1923
Hon. Thomas Andrew Low 17 Aug. 1923 - 12 Nov. 1925
Hon. James Alexander Robb Acting Minister 13 Nov. 1925 - 28 June 1926
The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Parliamentary Secretary of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment
Vacant 29 Dec. 1921 - 28 June 1926

Solicitor General of Canada
Hon. Lucien Cannon 5 Sept. 1925 - 28 June 1926
The Ministry
Position Title
NameService Date /
Termination Date
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for External Affairs
Lucien-Turcotte Pacaud 29 Dec. 1921 - 26 Oct. 1922

Footnotes

  • [1] With the defeat of the Government in the general election of December 6, 1921, Meighen resigned from office. His resignation was accepted and the Twelfth Ministry was sworn to office on December 29, 1921. In the general election of October 29, 1925 the ministry was returned to office, but King himself was defeated. He was re-elected to the House of Commons in a by-election on February 15, 1926.
  • [2] King was also President of the Privy Council.
  • [3] The Prime Minister was ex officio the Secretary of State for External Affairs.
  • [4] Robb was appointed Minister of Trade and Commerce on December 29, 1921; Minister of Immigration and Colonization on August 17, 1923; and Minister of Finance and Receiver General on September 5, 1925.
  • [5] The Minister of the Interior was ex officio the Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs.
  • [6] Lapointe was appointed Minister of Marine and Fisheries on December 29, 1921; Minister of Justice and Attorney General on January 30, 1924; and Secretary of State of Canada on March 24, 1926.
  • [7] Elliott was appointed Minister of Labour on March 8, 1926; and Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment on April 15, 1926.
  • [8] On the formation of the Twelfth Ministry, Graham was appointed both Minister of Militia and Defence and Minister of the Naval Service. On February 10, 1922, by Order in Council pursuant to the Public Service Rearrangement and Transfer of Duties Act, the powers, duties and functions of the Minister of the Naval Service were transferred from the Minister of Marine and Fisheries to the Minister of Militia and Defence. See Minister of National Defence.
  • [9] The offices of Minister of Militia and Defence and Minister of the Naval Service were abolished and the office of Minister of National Defence was created by Statute 12-13 Geo, V, c. 34, assented to on June 28, 1922 and proclaimed in force on November 24, 1922.
  • [10] Graham was appointed Minister of Militia and Defence and Minister of the Naval Service on December 29, 1921; Minister of National Defence on January 1, 1923; Minister of Railways and Canals on April 28, 1923; and Minister without Portfolio on February 20, 1926.
  • [11] The Department of Mines was presided over by the minister of another department who was to be named by the Governor in Council and who was to be called "The Minister of Mines". During the Twelfth Ministry the Minister of the Interior was named Minister of Mines.
  • [12] Low was appointed Minister of Trade and Commerce on August 17, 1923.
  • [13] Macdonald was appointed Minister of National Defence on August 17, 1923.
  • [14] The Secretary of State of Canada was ex officio the Registrar General of Canada.
  • [15] The Department of Health was presided over by the minister of another department who was to be named by the Governor in Council. During the Twelfth Ministry each successive Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment was designated to preside over the department.
  • [16] See also Not of the Cabinet, Solicitor General of Canada.