Federation Maps and Fact Sheets for India


Flag: India

Official name Republic of India
Population 1,095,351,995 (est 2006)
Capital New Delhi

Constituent units

  • 28 states: Andhra Pradesh; Arunachal Pradesh; Assam; Bihar; Goa; Gujarat; Haryana; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu and Kashmir; Karnataka; Kerala; Madhya Pradesh; Maharashtra; Manipur; Meghalaya; Mizoram; Nagaland; Orissa; Punjab; Rajasthan; Sikkim; Tamil Nadu; Tripura; Uttar Pradesh; West Bengal;
  • National Capital Territory of Delhi.
  • 6 centrally administered Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands; Chandigarh; Dadra and Nagar Haveli; Daman and Diu; Lakshadweep; Pondicherry.

Constitutional distribution of powers

Legislative institutions

  • Federal: A bicameral Parliament composed of the Council of States and the House of the People. The Council of States (Rajya Sabha) represents the states.
  • States: Most states have a unicameral legislature.

Official languages