Federation Maps and Fact Sheets for Canada
- A federation since 1867
- Government of Canada Official Website
- 10 provinces: Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan.
- 3 territories: Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, and since 1999, Nunavut.
Constitutional distribution of powers
- The Constitution Act, 1867, Part VI: Legislative Power, in particular:
- Powers of the Parliament (Articles 91 and 94a)
- Exclusive Powers of Provincial Legislatures (Articles 92, 92a, 93, 93a)
- Concurrent Powers (Article 95)
- Federal: Bicameral Parliament composed of the Senate and the House of Commons.
- Official Website of the Parliament of Canada: Senate and House of Commons
- Provincial and territorial: Unicameral assemblies
The Canadian Constitution stipulates that English and French are official languages in the institutions of the Federal Parliament and Federal government and in all courts established by the Federal Parliament.
The Canadian Constitution also defines 1) the status of English and French in the legislative assemblies and legal institutions of the provinces of New Brunswick, Quebec and Manitoba, 2) the status of the English and French linguistic communities of the province of New Brunswick and 3) minority official language education rights in all provinces and territories.
- Bilingualism in Canada